An approximate menu for acute and chronic pancreatitis for a week

Along with the regular use of drugs, the diet is also suitable for pancreatitis. Only a complete measure allows you to relieve the load and swelling of the pancreas, helps to stop inflammation and repair damaged tissues.

In acute disease, the diet is very limited, even fasting in the first days. After the removal of the acute symptoms of the disease, the patient's menu is gradually expanded. Let's take a look at what a weekly diet should be like for a person with a sore pancreas.

Characteristics of following a diet for various forms of pancreatitis

Diet is not only a mandatory indication for the treatment of acute disease attacks, but also a measure to prevent recurrence of the disease. The purpose of this method is to remove the load from the organ, to reduce the production of gastric fluid and digestive enzymes, as well as to reduce their activity. This is necessary to reduce the swelling of the gland, relieve inflammatory, infectious processes, create conditions for healing and regeneration of damaged tissues.

In acute inflammation the diet is very strict. On the first day of the onset of the disease, the patient develops hunger. Depending on the severity of the disease, the presence of complications, fasting can last from one to three to four days. Such a measure is necessary for:

  • Inhibition of the production of gastric, pancreatic secretions.
  • Decreased efficiency of digestive enzymes.
  • Prevent the development or reduction of the severity of infectious processes.

With inflammation of the gland, there is swelling, spasm of the organ and its ducts. For this reason, digestive enzymes can not pass from the pancreas to the intestines, they are activated in the gland and begin to digest its walls.

The death of damaged organ tissues, indigestible food debris causes a complication of the disease with various infections. It is therefore necessary to reduce the activity of production and function of pancreatic enzymes, which is achieved mainly by fasting.

In the first 2-5 days of acute pancreatitis, only the use of fluids is recommended - up to 2. 5 liters. After leaving the hunger strike with the OP, the diet is gradually expanded according to the diet table No. 5 P (I). In this case, the calorie content of the food during the first ten days of the diet should not exceed 800 Kcal. Starting from the tenth day, with positive healing dynamics, the caloric content of the food can be increased to 1000 Kcal.

In the chronic form of the disease, the patient's menu is much wider. It includes cereals, most vegetables and berries, meat and fish (non-fat, moderately fatty), sour milk, non-sweet biscuits, sweet berry jellies, jams, marshmallows and even some sweets.

At the same time, in order to prevent the recurrence of pancreatitis, it is necessary to follow the following dietary rules:

  1. Eat only natural, fresh foods.
  2. Significantly reduce the amount of sweets, fatty and especially sour.
  3. Meals should be fractional: 5-6 times a day in small portions.
  4. It is desirable for the food to be finely chopped, grated, for its better assimilation.
  5. Permitted cooking method: boiling, baking, steaming, boiling.
  6. Do not use hot and cold foods - only hot foods and dishes.
  7. Do not eat fruits and sweets on an empty stomach.
  8. It is not recommended to eat fresh bread (better than the second day of freshness or crackers), baked goods with cream.
  9. The use of spices is not recommended (salt can be used in small quantities).
  10. Alcohol, snacks (chips, crackers, corn, etc. ) are strictly forbidden.

Eating a healthy diet and staying hydrated can help prolong recession and keep your pancreas healthy. In this case, diet food is the most effective medicine.

Sample menu for exacerbation of the inflammatory process

In the first days of an acute illness, fasting is indicated. During this time, the patient is allowed to drink only non-carbonated mineral water with alkali.

You should drink 200 ml of water four to five times a day, while the drink is slightly warmed (up to 27 degrees). If the water is carbonated, we should pour it into a glass half or an hour before drinking it, so that all the gases come out of the liquid.

On the third day, the drink can be produced with a weak rose broth. Consumption will help maintain water balance, replenish the body's reserves with the necessary micronutrients and remove toxins.

Exit from the hunger strike

The menu for patients with pancreatitis when they go on hunger strike (2, 3 or 4 days) can be varied with the following products:

  • dried white wheat bread (not more than 50 grams per day).
  • jelly or black currant fruit drink.
  • At the same time, it is necessary to drink up to 2. 5 liters of fluid a day (stagnant mineral water, jelly, fruit drink, rose decoction).

On the third or fifth day, the diet can be supplemented with:

  • a decoction with a slimy texture of rice or oatmeal.
  • mashed potatoes (liquid, without butter and milk).
  • blueberry jelly, black currants, strawberries, blueberries.
  • grated porridge in water from buckwheat, rice, oatmeal.

For the next two days, you can start trying:

  • protein steam omelette.
  • steamed or boiled chicken, rabbit, turkey chopped in a blender.
  • cereal soups cooked in vegetable broth or water.
  • vegetable puree (pumpkins, carrots, zucchini);
  • not strong black or green tea, plums, yogurt.

Starting from the tenth day, with successful treatment, relieving the symptoms of the disease, the menu can be differentiated with unsalted butter, jelly, baked apples, boiled low-fat fish or steamed fish cutlets, soufflé. Sugar is allowed to start in very small quantities. However, it is better to take substitutes.

The diet for acute pancreatitis is strict, so the menu completely excludes the following foods: fried, smoked, high-fat, mushrooms, canned, sausages, sausages, bacon, egg yolks, fresh bread and pastries, baked goods, pastries, , soda, radish, onion, garlic, radish, spinach, peas, beans, asparagus, sorrel.

Diet after complete relief of the attack

The menu of a patient with acute pancreatitis for a week should include only foods that are permissible and safe for the gastrointestinal tract.

1st day

  • Early meal: omelette of 2 steamed proteins, oatmeal, rose broth.
  • Late meal: berry jelly.
  • Lunch: rice soup, toast, steamed cutlets with pumpkin puree.
  • Afternoon snack: grated cottage cheese, lightly brewed tea.
  • Evening: fish souffle with boiled vegetables, raisin compote.
  • Late at night: croutons with yogurt.

2nd day

  • Early lunch: curd pudding, crouton tea.
  • Late meal: strawberry souffle, rose broth.
  • Lunch time: soup with pasta in vegetable broth, crackers, boiled turkey, berry mousse.
  • Afternoon snack: baked apples, compote.
  • Evening: noodles, steamed fish cutlet, green tea.
  • Late night: crackers, tea.

3rd day

  • Early meal: vegetable pudding.
  • Late meal: rice porridge, a slice of chicken.
  • Lunch time: buckwheat soup, croutons, steamed rabbit cutlets, jelly.
  • Afternoon snack: pumpkin porridge.
  • Evening: oatmeal, a piece of chicken, black tea.
  • Late at night: kefir cookies.

4th day

  • Early meal: rice porridge, raisin compote.
  • Late meal: steam omelette, chamomile decoction.
  • Lunch: cream soup with boiled meat, croutons, a piece of boiled rabbit meat, tea.
  • Afternoon snack: baked apple with cottage cheese, compote.
  • Dinner: oatmeal, raspberry souffle, rose broth.
  • Late dinner: crackers and yogurt.

5th day

  • Early meal: oatmeal, omelette, black tea.
  • Late meal: pumpkin puree, strawberry compote.
  • Lunch time: buckwheat soup, croutons, steamed fish cake, tea.
  • Afternoon snack: casserole with cottage cheese, rose broth.
  • Evening: carrot puree with chicken souffle, baked grated apple without skin and core, compote.
  • Late at night: a cookie biscuit with tea.

6th day

  • Early meal: semolina porridge, chamomile decoction.
  • Late meal: steam omelette, jelly.
  • Lunch: pasta soup, croutons, boiled chicken, tea.
  • Afternoon snack: berry souffle, compote.
  • Dinner: vegetable puree, steamed turkey cutlet, jelly.
  • Late dinner: croutons with yogurt.

7th day

  • Early meal: carrot and pumpkin puree, boiled egg white, compote.
  • Late meal: soufflé curd, chamomile decoction.
  • Lunch time: miserable fish soup, crackers, steamed cutlets, tea.
  • Afternoon snack: baked apple, compote.
  • Evening: buckwheat porridge with steamed cutlet, boiled grated beets, jelly.
  • Late at night: croutons with kefir.

Before the disease progresses to the stage of stable remission, all foods should be grated and without spices (even salt is not recommended). Two weeks after the attack, provided there are no symptoms of the disease, you can start tasting fresh apples, peeled and cabbage head, as well as strawberries, bananas.

Sample menu for stable remission of pancreatitis

dishes for pancreatitis

The diet menu for chronic pancreatitis for a week is much more varied. When the disease has reached the stage of steady remission, you can try: moderately fatty fish, beef, sweet and slightly sour fresh fruit, sugar, sliced, curd cookies, candied jellies, marshmallows, marshmallows, marshmallows, marshmallows, marshmallows, marshmallows, marshmallows, marshmallows, marshmallowscheese, milk and other products. . . You can not overdo it with the amount of such products.

An example menu for a week of pancreatitis looks like this:

Day

Early lunch

Junk food

Lunch time

Afternoon snack

evening time

Monday Oatmeal with low-fat milk, sandwich with cheese, chicory Patri pudding, biscuit cookies, rose broth Potato soup with chicken broth, croutons, steamed chicken meatballs Baked apples, jelly Buckwheat porridge, boiled beet salad with butter, beef cutlet
Tuesday Rice pudding, jelly or tea Protein omelette, boiled turkey, compote Noodle soup, wheat bread, baked cod, candy jelly, green tea Casserole for cheese, chamomile broth Mashed potatoes, baked fish, carrot salad with butter, tea
Wednesday Oatmeal, jelly Berry mousse, long-lasting cookies, rose broth Fish soup, pumpkin pudding, crackers, compote Patri pudding Chicken fillet with zucchini, boiled cauliflower, green tea
Thursday Semolina porridge, cheese sandwich, jelly Sour milk, croutons Rice soup with carrots, meatballs, rose broth Vegetable pudding, compote Boiled chicken with vegetables, jelly, tea
Friday Steam omelette, black tea Carrot pudding and grated apple Vegetable puree soup, beef meatball, chamomile decoction with caramel jelly Berry souffle, biscuit cookies Boiled rice with meatballs, tea
Saturday Oatmeal, chicory Omelet, apple compote Buckwheat soup, toast, boiled beets, tea Butter and hard cheese sandwich, baked apple, tea Fish souffle, boiled noodles, tea
Sunday Rice porridge with boiled turkey, rose broth Vegetable souffle, berry jelly Cream soup with lousy meat, fish pasta, dried bread, tea Curd cookies, baked apple, tea Fish roll, mashed potatoes, rose broth

1-2 hours before bedtime, you can drink a glass of fermented dairy product (yogurt, kefir, yogurt) with diet cookies.

conclusion

The menu presented for patients with pancreatitis for a week is approximate - it can be changed with other dishes that are allowed in the stage of stable recession.

In between main meals, you can also indulge in small fruit snacks, sweets are allowed. It is helpful to develop the habit of eating at about equal intervals, drinking at least 1-1, 5 liters of water daily and not over-consuming - a slight feeling of hunger should remain after eating.